Difference between GHMC and HMDA
While many of us have thought of investing in the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad, we are left confused with the plethora of authoritative bodies that exist here. We are always left in a state of chaos while we seek permissions from the numerous authorities for our investments. The documents mention a different set of rules for each body and thus leave us in dilemma whether or not to invest with such great difficulty.
If you are looking to invest in either of these cities, you need to understand the basic differences between these bodies.
This article will hopefully clear all your doubts and make your investments in the future easier.
Difference Between GHMC and HMDA
Hyderabad is one of the fastest growing metropolitan cities in India. Considering the area of the city, it is larger than any other urban centre in the state.
It is quite difficult for us to understand the governing of such a vast city. If we take a look at the authorities that are present in the city, we stumble upon two major bodies- The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation and the Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority.
For us to understand the differences between their objectives, functions and roles, let us look at the history of these organisations before GHMC and HMDA.
Erstwhile Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad (MCH)
- The Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad (MCH) was a local body that used to take care of the citizens of both Hyderabad and Secunderabad, formed under the Act of Hyderabad Municipal Corporation 1955.
- Its head was the Mayor who had very little executive powers as compared to the Municipal Commissioner with who the real executive powers were vested.
- MCH covered only 173 sq. km and to provide better amenities to the citizens, it was divided into 4 zones, 7 circles and 100 wards.
Transformation of MCH into GHMC
Laying roads, maintaining streets, public health, sanitation, etc. were the major functions of MCH. This indicates that the MCH was a civic body vested with the responsibility to provide amenities and infrastructure to the inhabitants of the twin cities.
In 2007, together with MCH and 12 other municipalities in Ranga Reddy and Medak districts, covering an area of 626 sq. Kms, the GHMC was formed. The expansion of city limits and formation of GHMC was to make sure that the surrounding areas of Hyderabad are also developed and have better infrastructure as the inhabitants at the core of the city. The functions and objectives of both MCH and GHMC remained same while the jurisdiction increased vastly.
Jurisdiction of GHMC
- GHMC comprises of all the areas that were under the erstwhile MCH plus 12 municipalities and 8 gram panchayats of Ranga Reddy and Medak districts.
- Of the 12 municipalities, 10 are from Ranga Reddy district viz L.B. Nagar, Gaddiannaram, Uppal Kalan, Malkajgiri, Kapra, Alwal, Qutubullapur, Kukatpally, Serilingampalle, Rajendranagar and 2 from Medak district that include Ramachandrapuram and Patancheru.
- All eight panchayats are from Ranga Reddy district viz., Shamshabad, Satamarai, Jallapalli, Mamdipalli, Mankhal, Almasguda, Sardanagar and Ravirala.
- GHMC is divided into five zones (south, east, north, west, and central), 18 circles and 150 wards.
Hyderabad Urban Development Authority (HUDA)
In order to develop the metropolitan area of Hyderabad, a constitutional body ‘Hyderabad Urban Development Authority (HUDA)’ was formed under the Andhra Pradesh Urban (Dev.) Act 1975. The main objective of this body was to plan for development of the combined region covered under HDA.
Jurisdiction of HUDA
HUDA’s jurisdiction extended over an area of 1,348 sq.km, which includes entire area covered under MCH, 10 surrounding municipalities of Ranga Reddy, Medak districts and vast area under gram panchayats.
While the municipal bodies manage civic services in the city, HUDA covers much larger area and focuses on the planning and development of its jurisdiction. Layout developments, Group Housing Schemes, all non-residential permissions etc. are the powers with HUDA. It also prepares Master plans, Zonal Development plans.
Projects handled by HUDA:
- Greenery Under Flyovers at Tarnaka and Bashirbagh
- Development of commercial complexes such as Maitrivanam Commercial Complex, additional Floors at Tarnaka Commercial Complex, Swarnajayanthi Commercial Complex at Ameerpet, Corporate Office Complex Adjacent To HACA Bhavan.
Special Development Authorities (SDAs)
The efforts of the state government to extend its provisions to many other areas of the city, despite not having a large urban population resulted in the constitution of Special Urban Development Authorities. These authorities help in selecting areas out of the jurisdiction of existing Urban Development Authorities, which need special planning controls and a high level of infrastructural input. Three different bodies were formed under this proposal act.
- Buddha Purnima Project Authority (BPPA): BPPA was constituted for the development of Hussain Sagar Lake and its surroundings in the year 2000.The plan was to make the area an authentic tourist spot with theme parks, recreational spots, water sports, etc. The recreational zones covered under this project are Lumbini park, NTR Memorial, NTR Garden, Necklace Road, Peoples Plaza, Sanjeevaiah Park, etc.
- Hyderabad Airport Development Authority (HADA): To promote and develop the areas in and around the Rajiv gandhi International airport, the state government constituted a statutory authority named Hyderabad Airport Development Authority (HADA). The jurisdiction of HADA extended to 458 sq. km and covered villages and hamlets all falling in Ranga Reddy District.
- Cyberabad Development Authority (CDA): Cyberabad Development Authority (CDA) was meant for the effective development of the areas around the HITEC City and surroundings. CDA covers broadly 52 sq. kms consisting of 17 revenue villages.
Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority (HMDA)
HMDA is an urban planning body formed in 2008 by merging the erstwhile HUDA, BPPA, HADA, and CDA. HMDA is a high power body chaired by the Chief Minister of Telangana. HMDA covers an area of 7,100 sq. kms under its jurisdiction. It is also the 2nd largest urban development area in India, while Begaluru comes first.
The area covered under HMDA is twice the size of Goa, larger than the National Capital Territory of Delhi and many times bigger than Union Territories like Chandigarh and Puduchery.
HMDA Extended Master Plan
In 2011, HMDA has released the Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Plan to cover an additional area of 5,965 sq. km. The HMDA Draft plan included many areas from Ranga Reddy, Medak, Nalgonda and Mahaboobnagar districts. The total area of HMDA has been extended as mentioned below:
- Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority (HMDA) : 5,018 sq.km
- Outer Ring Road Growth Corridor :330 sq.km
- Parts outside ORR of erstwhile HUDA : 432 sq.km
- Erstwhile Hyderabad Airport Development Authority : 185 sq.km
According to the Plan, the Hyderabad Metropolitan Region extends to the following regions:
- Toopran on North along the NH-7
- Bhongir on the East along the NH-202
- Chotuppal on South- East along NH-9
- Yacharam on South along the Nagarjunasagar State Highway
- Kandukur along the Srisailam State Highway
- Shadnagar on South- West along the NH-7
- Chevella and Aloor along the Vikarabad State Highway
- Sangareddy (Medak Dist.) on the West along the NH-9
To summarize, here is a brief difference chart between GHMC and HUDA:
A civic body to provide basic amenities to the population.
Formed in 2007 by increasing the jurisdiction of MCH
- Collection of Taxes
- Civic Administration
- Development of infrastructure in the city
An authority for planning and development of metropolitan area
Formed in 2008 by merging HUDA, BPPA, HADA, CDA
- Giving approval for land utilisation for various purposes
- Giving layout and building approvals
- Preparing master plan for areas under its control and limits
- Proposing and executing urban development projects directly or through local authorities
Hope all the differences are clear to you.
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